Germany

Peenemünde and the German V-2 rockets

Peenemünde is a municipality on the Baltic Sea island of Usedom in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. The community is known for the Peenemünde Army Research Center, where the world’s first functional large-scale liquid-propellant rocket, the V-2, was developed.

Space Law History 101

The launch of Sputnik 1 on October 4, 1957 took the attention of the world. In his non-fiction book Danse Macabre (1981), the horror writer Stephen King tells how the screening of a film in a small-town New England cinema was interrupted. The cinema manager told the audience what had happened, and the screening was abandoned. People went out in a fruitless attempt to try to see the satellite.

The Berlin Space Protocol

The Berlin Space Protocol, marking a significant step forward in harmonizing and unifying the rules of national laws on the subject of asset-backed finance for mobile space equipment, seeks to extend the benefits of the Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment to “space assets”.

Azur, the first German satellite

Azur (also called GRS-A), launched into a near-polar orbit from the Vandenberg Air Force Base (a United States Air Force Base in California) on November 8, 1969, was the first German artificial satellite.

PTScientists, Mission to the Moon and Sanctuary

For this new article in Space Legal Issues, let’s take a look at the German New Space company PTScientists and the Mission to the Moon and Sanctuary projects.

The European Space Research Organisation

The European Space Research Organisation (ESRO) was an organisation founded by European States with the intention of jointly pursuing scientific research in outer space. It was founded in 1964. Following a general overhaul of the European Space Program decided in 1973, ESRO was merged with ELDO to form the European Space Agency (ESA) in 1975.

The European Launcher Development Organisation

The European Launcher Development Organisation (ELDO) is a former European space research organisation. It was first developed in order to establish a satellite launch vehicle for Europe. The three-stage rocket developed was named Europa, after the mythical Greek god.

The birth of Space Medicine

Space Medicine is a branch of medicine born in the 1950s to support human space exploration. At first it dealt with the immediate impacts of microgravity on human physiology. As flight durations increased, so did understanding of longer term effects due to microgravity, radiation, and isolation.