Tardigrades on the Moon and space legal issues

In April 2019, the lunar lander Beresheet – a privately funded Israeli project – crashed on the Moon. On board the spacecraft, a few thousand dehydrated tardigrades had been attached to the “lunar library”. As for whether any of the DNA or tardigrades are still intact, that’s anyone’s guess. What about planetary protection and Article IX of the 1967 Outer Space Treaty?

The birth of the Lebanese space program

During the 1960s, the U.S. and the Soviet Union competed for supremacy in outer space. But there was another contestant in the race – the Lebanese Rocket Society, a science club from a university in Beirut. The Lebanese space program was not initially an official government-sponsored effort. It started in the 1960s with the Lebanese Rocket Society. The original society gained fame in Lebanon after a series of successful launches of Cedar rockets.

The birth of the Israeli space program

The Israel Space Agency or ISA, founded following a government decision in 1983, is a national agency operating under the auspices of the Ministry of Science and Technology. The Agency is responsible for initiating, leading and coordinating all activities of the civilian space program.

Beresheet on the way to the Moon

Beresheet, an Israeli probe carried by a Falcon 9 rocket of the private company SpaceX, left Earth Thursday night at 20:45 local time towards the Moon. Israel will be the fourth country to join the Moon after the United States of America, Russia and China.