Planetary protection

Freedom and the militarisation of the cosmos

The principle set out in Article I of the 1967 Outer Space Treaty is a harbinger of different interpretations, especially if it is related to recent technological changes, moreover, it does not seem to have given definition to borders for the time being.

Harmful contamination, harmful interference and space debris

For this new Space Law article on Space Legal Issues, let us study the concept of harmful contamination, harmful interference and that of space debris, as it is presented in Article IX of the 1967 Outer Space Treaty, Magna Carta of space law.

The Wow! signal and extraterrestrial life

The Wow! signal, the strongest candidate for an alien radio transmission ever detected, was a strong radio signal received on August 15, 1977, by Ohio State University’s Big Ear radio telescope in the United States of America, then used to support the search for extraterrestrial intelligence.

Planetary protection

As humanity first began to send Earth-made space objects into outer space, scientific got concerned about the possibility/risk of forever changing the extraterrestrial environments visited. Planetary protection is a set of policies and practices designed to prevent the contamination of celestial bodies by terrestrial microorganisms.

The Committee on Space Research

The Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) is an international scientific group whose purpose is to organise any scientific work related to space exploration. It was created in 1958 by the International Council for Science, during the International Geophysical Year. COSPAR was born just after the launch of Sputnik 1 and its Scientific Assemblies soon became the cradle from which the space research community developed and gave rise to many international projects.