The United Kingdom of Great Britain

The United Kingdom And Its Space Program

The United Kingdom Space Agency (UKSA) is the agency of the Government of the United Kingdom dedicated to the development of the civil space program. The agency was established on April 1, 2010 as a replacement of the British National Space Centre.

The Beagle 2 British Mars lander

The Beagle 2 British Mars lander was a Mars lander initially mounted on the top deck of the Mars Express Orbiter. The lander was released on a ballistic trajectory towards Mars from the Orbiter on December 19, 2003 on a course to land on Mars on December 25, 2003. Isidis Planitia was chosen as the landing site. No signals were received following the scheduled landing and after over a month of attempts at contact the mission was declared lost.

Ariel 1, the first British satellite

Ariel 1, named after the spirit appearing in William Shakespeare’s play The Tempest and also known as UK-1, was the first British satellite, and the first satellite in the Ariel programme; the 62-kilogram British artificial satellite was putted into a Low Earth Orbit on April 26, 1962.