The United States of America

Legal Aspects of Detecting Parking Spaces in a Parcel using Satellite Images

With the advent of digital image processing techniques, the world has reaped many benefits. This technology was exploited for a particular use case of detecting the number of empty and occupied parking spaces from satellite images of parking lots.

Biosphere 2: The Failure Of a Unique Experiment

Biosphere 2 is an experimental site that could be described as a giant greenhouse, created on a hermetic floor by concrete and stainless steel plates. Let us have a look.

The Artemis Program Or The Return of Man On the Moon

Named after Artemis, the Greek goddess of the Moon and twin sister of Apollo, the program will lead humanity back to the Moon and prepare it for the exploration of Mars. Let us have a look.

Understanding Transpace Carriers Inc. v. United States (1990)

Transpace Carriers, Inc. v. United States of 1990 is one of the most important space law cases regarding pre-contractual breach in contract law. Let us have a look.

Understanding Hughes Communications Galaxy Inc. v. United States (2001)

Hughes Communications Galaxy Inc. v. United States case of 2001 is one of the most important decisions of contract law within space activities law. Let us have a look.

The Mir Space Station: History and Legacy

Mir was a space station that was operated in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) from 1986 to 2001 by the Soviet Union and then by Russia. Predecessor of the International Space Station, the Mir station was the first continuously inhabited long-term research station in orbit.

NASA And The Woodpecker

Mission STS-70 scheduled for launch on June 8, 1995 had to be postponed to July 13, 1995 after mission STS-71. The reason? A woodpecker.

The Teacher In Space Project

The Teacher in Space Project was a NASA program announced by U.S. President Ronald Reagan in 1984. The project has for vision to inspire students, honor teachers and galvanise interest in mathematics, science and space exploration.

The race for space motorcycles between the U.S.A. and the U.S.S.R.

This race for space motorcycles began at the end of the 1960s, at the same time as the conquest of space itself. Indeed, NASA’s Spacecraft Design Division in Houston, Texas, began designing a minibike specifically for use on the Moon in the late 1960s.

Understanding the United States Space Force Lunar Patrols

The debate over the possibility of sending military patrol vessels into space to protect U.S. interests has been open since the official speech of Major General John Shaw, Chief of the Space Operations Command of the Space Force, on September 29, 2020.

The Space Legal Issues with Mega-Constellations

Nowadays, we hear more and more about constellations and mega-constellations projects consisting of hundreds or thousands of small spacecraft. A satellite constellation is a group of artificial satellites working together. Is it legal? What are the space legal issues?

Space Adventures: The First Private Space Company

On June 25, 2020, Space Adventures announced that it had signed a contract with Russia space corporation Energia to send two tourists in 2023 on board the Soyuz spacecraft to the Russian segment of the International Space Station (ISS).

The Artemis Accords Explained

The Artemis Accords state that the use of space resources can benefit humanity. And NASA plans to exploit lunar resources extensively during the Artemis program, especially the water ice that seems to be plentiful on the permanently shadowed floors of lunar craters.

Toucan Space, a French startup by Louis de Gouyon Matignon

With Toucan Space, a French startup by Louis de Gouyon Matignon, send to space or the International Space Station (ISS) any personal object, your photo or a special postcard. Once the mission is completed, receive home your space-flown object and fun mission goodies.

ISEE-3: The First Satellite To Reach Lagrange Orbit

ISEE-3 is a satellite from the ISEE program “International Sun-Earth Explorer”. The purpose of this program was to study the relations between the solar wind and the terrestrial magnetosphere. Let us have a look!

All About The First Space Tourist

Dennis Tito, a rich Californian, passionate by cosmos issues since he was seventeen years old, has introduced the idea of space tourism by planning a special project with Russia in 2001.

Understanding the Wolf Agreement

In 2013, the Wolf Agreement was introduced by Franck Wolf in order to control and submit to Congress approval any space related collaboration between the United States and China.

Conquest of Mars: Phoney War, Cold War or Star Wars?

Protagonists have changed, but motivations remain the same. The conquest of space will always remain the supreme aspiration of countries wanting to assert themselves as a great power in the eyes of humans, through technology. Only a question of cultural soft power? Not so sure.

Understanding the NASA Artemis Accords

On May 15, 2020, NASA published the Artemis Accords that put in place a set of principles to guide the execution of the Artemis program to send a team of astronauts to the Moon by 2024.

Carl Sagan and Project A119

Carl Sagan was one of the founders of the Planetary Society and a member of the SETI Institute. On the other hand, he participated as a researcher in Project A119, a covert operation of the U.S. Air Force whose purpose was to drop an atomic bomb on the Moon.